Politically Uncorrected: High tide for Republicans in Pennsylvania?

Source: @PAGOP on Twitter

Have we seen high tide for Republicans in Pennsylvania?

From the Civil War until the mid-20th century Republicans dominated Pennsylvania politics, gradually giving way to a shared power two-party system by mid twentieth century. But by the early 21st century Republicans had reestablished control over state politics, coming to control the state legislature by overwhelming numbers as well as the state’s congressional delegation.

As recently as four years ago, the GOP controlled the governor’s office, maintained unchallenged control of both houses of the state legislature, and dominated the state’s congressional delegation, holding  three of every four seats. Few if any political parties outside the southern states have enjoyed such a hegemony lasting as long as Pennsylvania’s GOP.

But now the party may be facing long-term decline after some 160 years of party ascendancy.

Evidence for that conclusion is abundant:

  • Exhibit A is the recent abysmal record of state Republicans in winning the governorship. Tom Wolf’s 2018 victory now means Democrats have won four of the past five gubernatorial elections. Moreover, Republicans are simply not nominating the caliber of gubernatorial candidates they once did. Both of the last two (Corbett and Wagner) have only faintly resembled earlier GOP icons like Bill Scranton, Dick Thornburgh or Tom Ridge. Wagner in particular was an inept nominee raising questions about the party’s ability to recruit the kind of candidates that used to win gubernatorial elections regularly despite large Republican registration deficits.
  • But gubernatorial futility is not the Republican’s sole problem. Closely related is the party’s inability to win Pennsylvania’s “independent” statewide offices: Attorney General, Auditor General and Treasurer. The last Republican to win Attorney General was Tom Corbett in 2008. The last Republican Treasure was Barbara Hafer (2000) who actually left office as a Democrat. The last Republican Auditor General was that same Republican turned Democrat Barbara Hafer in 1997. Before her no Republican had held the office since Charles Smith in 1957. The GOP’s virtual freeze out from these offices means the Republican bench for higher state offices is inevitably leaner while the offices themselves, individually and exercise considerable influence over state government policy.
  • Equally troubling for state Republicans is their steady erosion of support in the voter rich Philadelphia suburbs. Loss of Republican strength in the suburbs traces back to former Governor Ed Rendell (2003-2011), a popular former Philadelphia mayor. But the carnage in the suburbs has accelerated under President Trump. This year the Philly suburbs comprising a third or so of all voters in the state gave Democrat Tom Wolf an astounding 320,000 more votes than his opponent. In the wider election, suburban voters flipped some 12 state house seats and four state senate seats from Republican to Democrat, while adding some three congressional seats to the Democratic column. These suburban votes represent a long-term abandonment of the once solid Republican vote expected from suburban voters.
  • Also ominous is the Democratic party’s successful efforts to weaken the iron grip Republicans hold over the state legislature. Party strength changes at a glacial pace in the General Assembly where incumbency re-election rates can run over 95 percent. But Republicans in 2018 struggled to maintain their large majorities. Altogether Democrats flipped some 11 seats in the state House and perhaps five Senate seats, leaving Republicans still in control but battle scared. Some observers now think Democrats have a chance to win back one or both houses in 2020.
  • Last but certainly not least among Republican worries is President Trump’s anemic approval rating in Pennsylvania. Real Clear Politics reports his average national approval rate at a mere 43.8 percent. Approval rates matter more when the president is also on the ballot as he is expected to be in just two years (2020). Trump still has time to raise his approval both in Pennsylvania and nationally. But if his popularity doesn’t improve heading into 2020, it will be difficult for Republicans to bounce back.

So, have we seen high water for a once dominant party now showing some cracks in a façade of invulnerability? If demographics are destiny, Republicans are in trouble, anchored in a constituency of mostly white, lesser educated, older voters–while their support is hemorrhaging among women, minorities, more educated, younger and suburban voters. Women voters are an especially acute problem for Republicans with exit polls from the recent gubernatorial election showed Democrat Tom Wolf winning a stunning 65% of the female vote while ticket mate Senator Bob Casey won 63%.

But, betting against a party that has made an art form of reinventing itself for some 160 years may be a bad bet. Certainly, Pennsylvania Democrats have regularly demonstrated their talent for rescuing defeat from the jaws of victory. Hoping for Democrat ineptness, however, is not going to solve the deep problems confronting the GOP. Republicans must do that themselves.

Correction: An earlier version of this column misstated the years of Corbett’s and Hafer’s most recent victories.  

November 26th, 2018 | Posted in Congress, Features, Front Page Stories, Governor, Guest Commentary, Harrisburg, Senate, Top Stories | 4 Comments

4 thoughts on “Politically Uncorrected: High tide for Republicans in Pennsylvania?”

  1. Phil Hughes says:

    Very good analysis of PA and the state of Republicans. I hope Democrats can make more inroads in 2020.

  2. George Hughes says:

    “The last Republican to win Attorney General was Tom Corbett in 1999”

    Tom Corbett won election as AG in 2008. Mike Fisher was the AG in 1999, having won election in 1996. Nice research guys.

  3. David Diano says:

    “As recently as four years ago, the GOP controlled the governor’s office, maintained unchallenged control of both houses of the state legislature, and dominated the state’s congressional delegation, holding three of every four seats.”

    and did a very sh*tty job of it.

    1. Patrick Henry, the 2nd says:

      Just wait til the Dems are in power. They’ll be even worse.

      I see two problems with the GOP in PA. First, they are laziest legislators this side of the Mississippi. They had the entire state government, and the only bone gun owners got was a bill that was unconstitutional because they attached it to another bill. Dumb. So why would people support them?

      Second, as mentioned in the article, they run terrible candidates. Corbett was boring, and Wagner was an idiot.

      Besides GOP’s own problems, there is another big one- Dems fleeing states because of the results of Dem policies (like from NY and NJ), only to vote for the same policies that caused them to leave. Not sure the solution there. Maybe split Philly and the suburbs off as its own state. Let the Dems ruin that first (or well, ruin the Suburbs- Philly is already terrible due to the Dems).

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